How to write a Short Film Script ?

First decide the Gerne .
Comedy , Horror, Art Film (Hard Hitting), Social Message,  Suspense, etc.


Duration of your film.
Decide duration of your film .


Number of Scenes to Write
For 120 mins of film write 40-50 Scenes.
For 90 mins of film write 20-25 Scenes.
For 30 mins of film write 10-15 Scenes.
For 20 mins of film write 10 Scenes.
For 10 mins of film write 5 Scenes.
For 5 mins of film write 2-3 Scenes.


Divide the story into 4 parts.
Make 4 parts of your film.
Part 1 – Introducing of Characters and Backdrop of film.
Part 2 – Introducing Problem of film.
Part 3 – Consequences and whats on stake, if characters doesn’t solves the problem.
Part 4 – Climax. Solution of the problem.


Write Story in Points.
e.g.  1. a simple boy  bullied by classmates.  2. He likes a girl but she dosent shows any interest in him….etc. Consider each Point as a scene .


Arrangement of Scenes
Now arrange the points after each other and visualize your film. Ask yourself if arrangement on scenes will be convincing to your audience ? or should I change the arrangements.


Writing in Details
Now write each scene in detail. Write each scene of about half page. Dont stretch the scene, unless the it is really important.  Write in a convincing way. Keep minimum dialogues .

Writing in Entertaining Elements
Entertaining Elements are comedy , music, double meaning jokes, action scenes  and things which will be exciting. Use symbols to tell the story .


Writing in Characterization 
Working on your characters. Write their details . Age, looks, profession, character type (good/bad), habits , etc.  Check if you introduce these things in the beginning of the film.


Writing  Cuts and Transitions
There are many kinds of transitions and cuts.  Sound transitions, video transitions, transitions using similar object from ending scene and new scene. Transition are must to run your film smoothly. Use the right cut to end your scene.


Selecting Music and Sound Effects
This might sound stupid, if we talk about music in beginning of the film. But its important if you get all the required music and sound effects to understand the experience you will be giving to your audience.


Sub Details of Each Scenes
Write down details about each scene ad follows.
Characters – Alex, Julie and Kevin.
Location – Kevin’s House.
Props – TV, remote, mobile, white shirt for Kevin. Gun.
Importance of Scene – Alex brutally killed. (Focus on this)
Note : Shoot more shots like Physco movie.


Breaking Down the Script
Now divide scenes according to locations. Make a list of scenes with same locations. Which will be easy to shoot.


Shot Listing
Make a list of shots to be shot with each creative angle. Master Shot, Extreme Long Shot, Long Shot, Medium Shot, Medium Close up, Close up, Extreme Close up. IF possible draw a thumbnail for each shot. This will help you understand the look of your film. Else you will be confused while shooting which shot to take next. While shooting you will not get time to think about these things. So Plan Prior.

Now you have a script with a full plan
to shoot your film.


Mistake New Filmmaker Do

From my experience Theoretical knowledge is more imp that practical knowledge in film making education. Because the whole film can be made on a piece of a paper. Shooting is just a process to execute the film. Shooting a film is easy , writing a film with entertaining script,  with all the entertaining elements added to film is tough, which most new filmmakers run away from it. New film makers assume that they are ready to shoot the film when they finish writing their first draft of the film. Which is very wrong.

A filmmaker should work on layers of story . editing , screenplay, entertaining elements, sound effects, exciting moments in film,….etc. even if they are making a hard hitting art film, a film is noting without entertainment. At least 5 draft of a film is must. Make a collection of music and sound effect before making a film , which will be added in film. IT will be great in you make a video story board with your own voice over in it.

WIsh you Happy Shooting from Sumit Ranaware (Painter/Filmmaker) 

Free Softwares for No Budget Filmmakers 

It’s hard to make film in no budget, but some free Softwares can make your work easy.

1. Gimp (Graphic Editor)

Don’t hv money to buy  photoshop use Gimp. A raster based software for Editing photos and creating graphic. Yes you can make your movie posters in it. Best thing abt it is, it can export to psd file. Or it can also open psd files, you can edit as well.

2. Inkscape (Graphic Editor)
It’s an alternative to corel and Illustrator. A vector software. You can create vector images from it, export to png  and use in you film Editing softwares.

3. Hit film 4 Express (Video Editor)
It’s a good combination of premier and After Effects. You can add Effects and edit your film as well. It needs online registration. They will give you a serial key.

4. Audacity (Audio Editor)
An alternative to Adobe Audition. Its free and good to use.

5. Subtitle Edit (Subtitle Editor)
Best software for Subtitle Editing. Can convert many subtitle file formats. It can also translate text to any language.

If you think I hv missed any , plz let me know.

Worst Bollywood Directors

15. Apoorva Lakhia

Yes, he has done one good movie, that is Shootout At Lokhandwala which in my opinion is one of the most gripping crime dramas in recent times. However, he has directed some rather forgettable films apart from that. He has always managed to get a good starcast for his films, but isn’t able to utilise their talent with poor storylines and bad writing not helping his case. He has given duds like Dus Kahaaniyan, Ek Ajnabee, Mission Istanbul, one of the most pointless and genuinely disgusting remakes Zanjeer and his latest outing Haseena too not finding favour with the audiences.All these movies had some potential to turn out great, but failed because of some horrible direction. Personally, I think Haseena could have been saved if he had chosen a competent actress to do the part, but that movie too had its flaws.

14. Vivek Agnihotri

Another director, who tries to experiment but fails big time. Having made his debut with Chocolate ,which wasn’t a bad film in my opinion, he went on to make Dhan Dhana Dhan Goal, which was a very melodramatic attempt at showing Indian life in London combined with some football. Though Hate Story was a hit when it released, it was evident that this was an attempt to use sex to sell the movie.Take out that and you can see how poorly directed the film was.He also directed Buddha in A Traffic Jam,which is probably his best outing so far and was a very intriguing film in my opinion, but it was a one-off, seeing how bad his other films were.

13. Sohail Khan

What is this man doing in Bollywood? He is one of the most crass and cheap actors I’ve ever seen and when he tried his hand at direction, he achieved nothing there as well. He has made one good film Pyaar Kiya Toh Darna Kya, but that’s about it.He directed the Pay It Forward remake Jai Ho and even ardent Salman Khan fans could not help but criticise the film for its overt melodrama and senseless direction. Though it had a noble concept, there was just mindless action and utterly stupid writing. He failed to utilise one of India’s most skilled actors Nawazuddin Siddique too as Freaky Ali turned out to be a flop as well. He should just support Salman and not try his hand at direction anymore. The audience cannot take so much nonsense!

12. Goldie Behl

The director of Drona, The guy who put us through two and a half hours of sheer torture. One of the lowest ranked Bollywood movies on IMDb, Drona was one of the most boring movies I have ever been made to sit through. For those who haven’t watched it, THANK YOUR STARS! This movie clearly showed that how far behind India is when it comes to fantasy movies, lacking acting, directions, costumes and effects.

11. Anubhav Sinha

He has a made a decent movie or two, but that doesn’t spare this guy from being on this list. He made Tum Bin, which was a genuinely good movie and earned a cult status in the following years and he made Dus which I found enjoyable despite its flaws and some terrible acting. But he has wasted some really good acting talent in his movies like RA.One (Shah Rukh Khan and Kareena Kapoor), Gulaab Gang (Juhi Chawla and Madhuri Dixit) and Cash (Ajay Devgn). All these movies could have been good but were let down by poor writing and direction.RA.One could have been the superhero movie India needed to show to the world. But it turned out to be the movie we didn’t need.Pity. He also made the sequel to Tum Bin this year, which was out of the theatres at 10 times the speed it came.

10. Shaad Ali

For a man who started out as an assistant director to Mani Ratnam, you would expect some really good quality work from him. And Shaad Ali did give that to us in the start by making two really entertaining movies Saathiya and Bunty aur Babli. What went wrong after that? He made the colossal disaster Jhoom Barabar Jhoom where he tried to gather an ensemble cast but unfortunately for him none of them could draw in the crowd because the movie was itself very mediocre. He repeated the same mistake with Kill Dil, a big cast but a terrible film, one of the worst to be released in that year. He decided to return to his comfort zone by making Ok Jaanu.Though it was sweet and had brilliant chemistry between Aditya Roy Kapoor and Shraddha Kapoor, people didn’t like it as much as its Tamil counterpart Ok Kanmani.

9. Ashwini Dhiir

The amount of senseless comedies Bollywood churns out every year, some stand out for being worse than the worst. This man is responsible for some of them.His debut feature One Two Three, a comedy of errors, was funny in parts but didn’t do really well. His next Atithi Tum Kab Jaoge? is one of the most over the top, loud and irritating comedies in the recent past. He tasted a lot of success with Son of Sardaar, another loud irritating comedy. His latest feature Guest in London opened to horrible reviews.

8. Sabbir Khan

The man who has directed Tiger Shroff in all the movies he has acted in till now. He started his career with the movie Kambakhthh Ishq which had created so much hype for having Sylvester Stallone, Denise Richards and other famous Hollywood actors in cameos.But not even Hollywood A-list stars could save this disaster. His next 3 films, Heropanti , Baaghi, Munna Michael were okay but offered nothing new and were absolutely mediocre.

7. Satish Kaushik


Satish Kaushik is a brilliant actor, no doubt about that. His comic timing has given us some hilarious moments in films. But he should just stick to acting. Direction isn’t his forte. He made Tere Naam, where he gave Salman one of the best characters he could ever play. But that is it. He has made some terrible movies like the Himesh Reshamiya remake Karzzzzzzzz where only the zzzzz was applicable because that represented the audience sleeping in the theatre. He tried to bring the audience back by promoting his next film Milenge Milenge as the movie which Shahid and Kareena did after their breakup, but it tanked. He directed the remake of Juno which again did horribly.

.6. Harry Baweja

Harry Baweja is the man who gave Bollywood Harman Baweja. I think that in itself is a valid reason to hate him. But talking about his filmography, he too hasn’t given any really good movies worth remembering. He has made many movies which are really forgettable like Dilwale,Qayamat,Main Aisa Hi Hoon,the very forgettable Love Story 2050 which launched Harman Baweja. That movie was so badly made that you could clearly see it was just an attempt to make Harman Baweja known. And that also did not do well.

5. Indra Kumar

Indra Kumar has no doubt made some really good movies in the early stages of his career. Movies like Dil, Ishq,Beta all won a lot of acclaim from the audience and were really enjoyable as well. He redefined sex comedies in India with Masti, which was hilarious. Even Dhamaal was very entertaining. But Indra Kumar’s case is a case of continuing a series just relying on the predecessor’s success. Masti was great. Grand Masti was crass and had some really cringe worthy scenes but it still joined the 100 crore club. There were already signs that a third movie in the series is uncalled for. But yet, Great Grand Masti came out. And it did horribly. Though it had leaked a few days before, the movie in itself was so terrible that it clearly would have flopped anyways. He made this mistake with Double Dhamaal too, because Dhamaal was funny but the sequel was so crass, loud and terrible that it ruined the goodwill of the first one as well.

4. Prabhu Deva

All the die hard Prabhu Deva fans, please read before you vent out your anger. He is no doubt a brilliant dancer and has directed some good movies down South, but in Bollywood he has made some really terrible ones.Wanted, his debut film, and Rowdy Rathore were still enjoyable though illogical, but R….Rajkumar, Action Jackson, Singh is Bliing? Who can explain that? If anybody ever needs proof of how horrible these movies are, I would like to describe one scene from Action Jackson that scarred me for life. There is a scene where Sonakshi Sinha by mistake sees Ajay Devgan’s manhood and suddenly gets a promotion. So she believes it is good luck and starts following him to try and see it again. WTF. Please Prabhu Deva, stick to dancing in movies. Don’t do this to our dear Bollywood.

3. Shirish Kunder

When the two most notable things you have done in your life is getting into a fight with SRK and getting married to Farah Khan, you know whats going wrong. He debuted with Jaan-e-Mann, which had Salman and Akshay Kumar in the lead. What could go wrong? Everything. The movie was such a sad melodramatic, sloppily written movie that it didn’t hold a candle to Farhan Akhtar’s Don which released on the same day. He followed it up with Joker. With a rating of 2.6 on IMDb, I don’t really have to say anything else. However you cant blame him because No. 1 and No.2 on this list are both related to him. So making terrible films runs in the family.

2. Farah Khan

Ahh well the top 2 directors on this list should feature in a horror film which has something to do with evil siblings. Because their movies are really scary to sit through. Farah Khan is still fine because she has done Main Hon Na, which though wasn’t path breaking, it managed to gain acclaim and was enjoyable. Same with Om Shanti Om which was an out-and-out masala movie. However after that she made Tees Maar Khan. WHY!!!! Why did I sit through it? I think if I had to write my own version of Chetan Bhagat’s Three Mistakes of my life, this would be one of them. Loud, crass, over-the-top, cheap, that movie was terrible. It hurt to see such a talented comedy actor like Akshay Kumar lose his mind in such a movie. And then she made Happy New Year. That movie was senseless on all levels. It had such a good cast but a movie about a gang of thieves who want to rob a vault take part in a dancing competition? Nah, not my cup of tea.

1. Sajid Khan

How is this man smiling after making us go through so much? The hands down Numero Uno when it comes to this list, when we think this man can’t stoop to lower levels, he does. Every single movie. He started out with Darna Zaroori Hai which was like a warning for his remaining movies.He then started the Housefull series of which the first movie was funny. Housefull 2 was funny but too confusing to try and make sense of it. Housefull 3 was just disgusting and was an insult to the senses.And he decided to remake Himmatwala. When the worst director in Bollywood decides to remake an iconic movie(read:Ram Gopal Verma Ki Aag) , it is gonna have a disastrous result. Disastrous it was. That movie was an insult to cinema. And the icing on the cake: Humshakals. That movie has a rating on 1.8 on IMDb. And seeing the lead actors cross-dressing has to be one of the most scarring movie experiences, the terrible writing and one-liners notwithstanding.